FTM France

Lille (pop. 1 million):

HiStory: Jean d'Arc was a brilliant young military genius and heroic general born Jehanne la Pucelle January 6, 1412 in the village of Domremy, in the Meuse River valley in the province of Lorraine in eastern France. He led seven successful military campaigns. When this deeply religious Christian patriot was captured by his enemies, he was offered the opportunity to live if he wore women's clothes, but he remained loyal to his beliefs. He was convicted of dressing as a man and burned at the stake in 1431. He was nineteen years old.

HiStory: René Bordereau (1770-1828) lived as a man in France in the eighteenth century.

HiStory: George Sand, born Amantine-Aurore-Lucile Dupin in Paris 1804, was famous for dressing and behaving as male. He wrote eighty novels and twenty plays. In 1832 he published his first full-length novel, Indiana. It deplores gender inequality. He was friends with Honoré de Balzac, Frédérich Chopin and Gustave Flaubert. He died in 1876.

Lyon (pop. 1.2 million):

HiStory: Liberte was a decorated officer in Napoleon's army in seven campaigns 1792-9. He (1772-1859) first fought as a man, by the time his female anatomy was discovered he had proved so valuable in battle that he was allowed to remain in the military. He commanded male troops at Calvi who later drew up a testimonial which read in part, "We the garrison at Calvi certify that Duchemin Brulon, acting sergeant, commanding the attack on Fort Gesco, fought with us with the courage of a hero." They went on to commend his skill with a sword and in hand to hand combat. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant in 1822 and personally presented the French Legion of Honor by Napoleon III.

HiStory: Jean de Danpierre, Count de Montfort (1300 - 74) defended Hennebont, then wearing armor and riding a warhorse, broke out from Hennebont at the head of 300 horseman during a French assault on the walls and successfully fought to Brest. He returned with 600 additional men to reinforce the town. Later that same year, he led a sea-skirmish off Guernsey wearing a suit of armor at the helm of the ship and wielding a sword.

HiStory: Lieutenant Scanagatta (born Francesca Scanagatti in 1780 in Italy) lived as a male and graduated from the Austrian Military in 1797, after which he served in the French Revolution and was promoted to lieutenant in 1880. His female anatomy was discovered a year later in 1881 and he resigned his commission.

Marseille (pop. 1 million):

HiStory: Bonheur, the renown painter (1822-1899), had official permission from the French government to dress as a man in order to paint animals in the wild. Bonheur was the most popular artist of nineteenth-century France. Queen Victoria requested a private viewing of a Bonheur painting at Windsor Castle. It would later be purchased in 1887 by Cornelius Vanderbilt and donated to the new Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. In 1865 Bonheur received a visit from Empress Eugénie who awarded the artist the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor, the distinguished award established by Napoleon. Bonheur was with partner Nathalia Micas over 40 years. Born on March 16, 1822 in Bordeaux as Marie Rosalie Bonheur, Bonheur was taken in by the Micas family. Bonheur exhibited at the annual Paris Salon regularly from the age of nineteen in 1841 through 1853 and won the salon's gold medal at the age of twenty-six in 1848, which led to a commission by the French government to paint Plowing on the Nivernais in 1849. Bonheur's most renowned work, The Horse Fair, was purchased by Ernest Gambart, a London art dealer in 1855. He exhibited The Horse Fair in London where Bonheur visited with partner Nathalie Micas. Queen Victoria requested a private viewing of the painting at Windsor Castle. It would later be purchased in 1887 by Cornelius Vanderbilt and donated to the new Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. In 1855 Bonheur also finished Haymaking at Auvergne. It was shown in the Paris Exposition Universelle that year and hung as a pendant to Plowing on the Nivernais and won the gold medal. Bonheur used the money to purchase Château By, a house and farm, near the Fontainebleu Forest in 1860. Bonheur's painting of Wild Bill Cody (1889) became the center of Cody's publicity campaign. Great sadness enveloped Bonheur's life when Nathalie died during the same year. Bonheur died a decade later on May 25, 1899 and was interred next to partner Nathalia Micas. The artist's career was celebrated with a retrospective exhibition at Galerie Georges Petit during 1900. The biography Bonheur, sa vie et son oeuvre was published in 1908. In 1924, the Musée Bonheur and the Bonheur Memorial Art School were dedicated.

HiStory: Claude Cahun, born Lucy Renée Mathilde Schwob in a prominent French Jewish literary family in 1894 in Nantes, France, fought in the Resistance against the Nazis. He studied at Oxford (1907-1908) and the Sorbonne (1914). He produced self-portraits from 1912 until 1954, many bending gender, wrote about Oscar Wilde and translated Havelock Ellis into French. The Gestapo raided his home in 1944 and he was sentenced to death but in February 1945 he was rescued by Allied forces. He lived on the Isle of Jersey until his death in 1954.

Paris (pop. 9.5 million):

CARITIG (Centre d'Aide, de Recherche et d'Information sur la Trans et l'Identité de Genre) B.P. 756 75827 Paris Cedex 17 France +33 caritig@caritig.org Armand Hotimsky http://www.caritig.org/

Le Beit Haverim BP 375, 75526 Paris Cedex 11, 01 44 84 08 54 01 42 45 86 54 beit_haverim@yahoo.com Rabbi Tom Cohen

Armand Hotimsky is a therapist and President of the Center for Assistance, Research and Information on Trans and Gender Identity. He held the first meetings in Paris in 1991 and founded CARITIG in 1995 for information, networking, meetings, publications, a newsletter, hotline and participation in Pride marches.

HiStory: Marie Schellinck, a seventeenth century Belgian soldier, received the French Legion of Honor and a military pension in 1808.

HiStory: Virginie Chesnières lived as a man in France in the nineteenth century till 1873.

HiStory: Ferdinand Wisson, was born in 1836 and lived as a man in France in the nineteenth century.

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